Nomonanoto Show

Sunday, March 1, 2015

Ethiopia ponies

Abandoned horses no longer doomed to suffer
New by-laws in Halaba, Ethiopia have be introduced to allow abandoned working horses to be put down.
International welfare charity the Brooke has been working with the Ethiopian government to get the by-laws changed in the area.
The charity’s teams will now be able to euthanise abandoned working equines that are injured and beyond medical help.
The problem of abandonment of working horses in urban areas of Ethiopia is a growing problem, especially in Halaba.
Horses that are too sick or weak to work are left suffering on the streets before they die or are attacked and eaten by hyenas.
The horses are often beyond help and the only option to end their suffering is being put down.
In the region of Halaba, an owner has to give consent before an animal can be euthanised.
But when the horse has been abandoned, the owner is often very hard to track down.
The new by-law means that the Brooke can put an abandoned animal down without the legal risk of someone coming forward and claiming it was done without their consent.
“Euthanasia is always an emotional decision, both for our own staff and the local people we work with, but it is our duty to do what we can to provide comfort and relief to suffering animals who work so very hard for the people depending on them,” said the Brooke’s Melissa Liszewski.
“The success of the by-laws is just one example of how working at government level is helping the Brooke to support hard working animals,” she added.
Last year the Brooke helped over 1.5million working horses, donkeys and mules and it hopes to reach 2m working equines by 2016.
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Former President, Chief Olusegun Obasanjo presenting a paper on “The African Scientist in a Fast-Changing World” at the Ethiopian Academy of Sciences Memorial Lecture for Prof. Ali Mazrui, in Addis-Ababa, EthiopiaFormer President, Chief Olusegun Obasanjo presenting a paper on “The African Scientist in a Fast-Changing World” at the Ethiopian Academy of Sciences Memorial Lecture for Prof. Ali Mazrui, in Addis-Ababa, Ethiopia
Former Nigerian president, Chief Olusegun Obasanjo on Friday in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia berated the exploitation of African scientists in Europe, America and Asia continents, lamenting that their efforts on global horizon is fast regressing.
Obasanjo speaking while delivering a paper entitled: “The African Scientist In A Fast-Changing World” presented at the Ethiopian Academy of Sciences in honour of Late Professor Ali Al’Amin Mazrui, however, noted that on the aggregate, African scientists have not been push-over over the ages.
He disclosed that his choice of the topic was borne out of the fact that, “since my friend, Ali Mazrui, was a Fellow of the African Academy of Sciences and we are celebrating him at the Ethiopian Academy of Sciences, I have decided to reflect with you today on “The African Scientist in a Fast-Changing World,” Obasanjo revealed.
He lamented that: “sadly today, the place of eminence of the African scientist on the global horizon is fast regressing. In a fast-changing world, we are getting far left behind. Our contribution to the science, technology and engineering scholarly literature is the least of all regions of the world.
“Our universities are at the bottom of global league tables of world-class universities with the region having the least number of Nobel Prize winners in science. Even, a good number of our local problems are being solved by scientists from outside our region.
“Yet, we have some of the best intellectually-endowed scientists in the world. The laboratories in Asia, Europe and North America, where breakthroughs are achieved to drive our fast-changing world, are populated in part by brain-drained African scientists,” Obasanjo stated.
Obasanjo observed the efforts of United Kingdom in recent time, in science and technology, which according to him, “could take the nation to world view.”
According to him: “During the last two weeks, the fast-paced world of science and technology reported the British government voting to allow a new technique involving babies created from three people. If passed by the House of Lords, the UK will become the first country in the world to offer this medical procedure, which can be used to treat mitochondrial diseases.
“Other exciting things in the world of science in the last two weeks include use of biodegradable nano particles to kill brain cancer cells in animals and lengthen their survival and the selection of 100 astronaut candidates for the Mars One project which will land four people on Mars.
“New drugs to counter diabetes and hypertension ravaging Africa and the rest of the world are in different stages of development. The technology in surgery has also advanced in recent months. Consider surgery when a patient is to get his or her diseased heart, liver or spleen removed with minimal invasion through new technologies being developed by biomedical engineers in the University of London and at Harvard.
“By 2050, the scenario that surgeons envisage is one where a patient with an organ failure walks into a hospital, gets a 3-D printed organ to replace it in a few hours.
“It may be twenty years or more before these drugs and surgical techniques become available for the masses. However, when they do, the health of the people will be better secured than what we have today,” the former Nigeria President posited.
Obasanjo further disclosed that, “this situation notwithstanding, when we aggregate the efforts of the global community of scientists through the ages, the African scientist has not been a complete pushover.
“You will recall that some of the well-known contributions of ancient African science include one of the first intensive agricultural schemes; metallurgy, including the mining and smelting of copper, practised in Africa as far back as 4000 B.C.; and the system of hieroglyphic writing and the use of papyrus.
“The science of architecture also reached new heights with the pyramids.They were amazing accomplishments both in terms of construction and the mathematical and astronomical knowledge necessary to build and situate them,” Ebora Owu as fondly called submitted.

Saturday, February 28, 2015

‹‹ገዥው ፓርቲም ሆነ ተቃዋሚዎች እንዲህ እናደርጋቸዋለን የሚሏቸው ነገሮች እጅግ ጠቅለል ያሉና ያልተጣሩ ናቸው›› ዶ/ር ካሣሁን ብርሃኑ፣ የፖለቲካ ሳይንስ ባለሙያዶ/ር ካሣሁን ብርሃኑ የፖለቲካ ሳይንስ ባለሙያ ሲሆኑ፣ በኢትዮጵያ ፖለቲካ ጉልህ ሥፍራ የሚሰጣቸው ጉዳዮች ላይ በርካታ የምርምር ሥራዎችን አሳትመዋል፡፡
ከእነዚህ ሥራዎች መካከል ትልቅ ትኩረት የሰጡት በገዥውና በተቃዋሚ ፖለቲካ ፓርቲዎች ባህርይ ላይ ነው፡፡ ይህን ምክንያት በማድረግ የኢትዮጵያ ፖለቲካ ፓርቲዎች በምርጫ ቅስቀሳ በሚያሳዩት ባህርይ ዙሪያ ሰለሞን ጎሹ ዶ/ር ካሣሁን ብርሃኑን አነጋግሯቸዋል፡፡
ሪፖርተር፡- የምርጫ ቅስቀሳ አስፈላጊነትን እንዴት ይገልጹታል?
ዶ/ር ካሣሁን፡- ብዙ ፓርቲዎች በሕግ ተፈቅዶ በሚንቀሳቀሱበት የፖለቲካ ሥርዓት ውስጥ የምርጫ ቅስቀሳ አስፈላጊ ነው፡፡ ፓርቲዎች የፖለቲካ፣ የማኅበራዊና የኢኮኖሚያዊ ፕሮግራም ሊኖራቸው ይገባል፡፡ የምርጫ ቅስቀሳ ለማድረግ ሥርዓቱ የምርጫ ውድድርን የሚፈቅድ መሆን አለበት፡፡ ምክንያቱም የምርጫ ቅስቀሳ እንደ ኢሕአፓና መኢሶን በድብቅ የምታካሂደው አይደለም፡፡ ሕዝቡን በግልጽ ሰብስበህ ፕሮግራምህን የምታስተዋውቅበትና ከሌሎች የሚሻልበትን መንገድ የምታሳይበት ዘዴ ነው፡፡ ፓርቲው ሥልጣን ቢይዝ ከሌሎች በተሻለ የመራጩን ሕዝብ ፍላጎት እንደሚያሟላ፣ የአገሪቱን ጥቅም እንደሚያስጠብቅ፣ የኅብረተሰቡን ደኅንነት እንደሚጠብቅ የሚገልጽበት መሣሪያ ነው፡፡ ፓርቲዎች ፕሮግራማቸውን በየጊዜው ሊያስተዋውቁ ይችላሉ፡፡ የምርጫ ቅስቀሳ ግን በምርጫ ጊዜ ነው የሚካሄደው፡፡ በተቻለ መጠን የምርጫ ድጋፍ የሚያሰባስቡበት ነው፡፡ የምርጫ ቅስቀሳን በተሳካ ሁኔታ ለመፈጸም የገንዘብ አቅም፣ የሚዲያ ተደራሽነት፣ አመቺ ደኅንነትና ነፃነት ያስፈልጋል፡፡ የፖለቲካ ሥርዓቱ ለጤናማ የብዙኃን ፓርቲ ውድድር አመቺ ነው ወይ የሚለው በእርግጥ አጠያያቂ ነው፡፡ ለምሳሌ የሕዝብ ወይም የመንግሥት ሚዲያን በእኩልነት ባይሆን እንኳን በርትዕነት ፓርቲዎች ሊጠቀሙበት ይገባ ነበር፡፡ ፖስተር መለጠፍና መራጩን ሕዝብ ማነቃነቅና ማደራጀት የምርጫ ቅስቀሳ አካል ናቸው፡፡ ወጣቶች፣ ሴቶችና ሌሎች የኅብረተሰብ ክፍሎች ላይ አተኩሮ ቅስቀሳ ማድረግ ይቻላል፡፡ በእኛ አገር ሁኔታ የ1997 ዓ.ም. ምርጫ ከሌላው በጣም የተሻለ ነበር፡፡ የፖለቲካ ምኅዳሩና ሌሎች አመቺ ሁኔታዎች ነበሩ፡፡ በምርጫ ቅስቀሳ ረገድ ብዙ ነገሮች የተከናወኑበት ምርጫ ነበር፡፡ 
ሪፖርተር፡- በሌሎች የዳበሩ አገሮች የምርጫ መፈክር መምረጥ፣ የቅስቀሳ ስትራቴጂዎችን መቅረፅና ሊያስመርጡ የሚችሉ አጀንዳዎችን የመለየት ሥራ በጣም ወሳኝ ነው፡፡ እነዚህ ነገሮች በኢትዮጵያ እንዴት ይታያሉ?
ዶ/ር ካሣሁን፡- በሌሎች የዳበሩ አገሮች ፓርቲዎች የምርጫ ስትራቴጂስቶችን ይቀጥራሉ፡፡ የሠለጠኑ፣ ከፍተኛ የሙያ ክህሎት ያላቸውና ብዙ የሚከፈላቸው ናቸው፡፡ የፓርቲው አባልም ላይሆኑ ይችላሉ፡፡ የሚዲያ ቅስቀሳን፣ ወቅትን፣ ለየትኛው የኅብረተሰብ ክፍል ምን ዓይነት አቀራረብ እንደሚያስፈልግ፣ ፖስተሮችን፣ ዓርማዎችን በተመለከተ ይወስናሉ፡፡ በእኛ አገር ሥርዓቱ ገና እየተፍጨረጨረ በመሆኑ የምርጫ ስትራቴጂን ፓርቲዎቹ አይጠቀሙም፡፡ ገዥው ፓርቲም ሆነ ተቃዋሚዎች እንዲህ እናደርጋለን የሚሏቸው ነገሮች እጅግ ጠቅለል ያሉና ያልተጣሩ ናቸው፡፡ የብዙኃን ፓርቲ ሥርዓት ከነችግሮቹ የቅርብ ጊዜ ሁኔታ በመሆኑ ይህ የማይጠበቅ ነገር አይደለም፡፡ ለምሳሌ የገንዘብ ማሰባሰቢያ ፕሮግራሞች ከፍተኛ ወጪ የሚጠይቁ ናቸው፡፡ ሌሎች የምርጫ ቅስቀሳ ፕሮግራሞችም እንዲሁ ወጪያቸው ቀላል አይደለም፡፡ በዳበሩ አገሮች ለሚዲያ የሚከፈለው ገንዘብ እጅግ ከፍተኛ ነው፡፡ በሥልጣን ላይ ያለ ፓርቲና መሪም ቢሆን የመንግሥትን በጀት መጠቀም ስለማይችሉ ወጪውን ለመሸፈን ይቸገራሉ፡፡ በእኛ አገር መንግሥትና ፓርቲ ስለተቀላቀሉ አስቸጋሪ ነው፡፡ ተቃዋሚ ፓርቲዎች እንዳቅማቸው አንዳንድ ነገር ይሞክራሉ፡፡ በተለይ ገንዘብ የማሰባሰብ ሥራን ለመሥራት፣ ወኪሎቻቸውን ወደ ምርጫ ክልሎች በመላክ ድጋፍ ለማሰባሰብ ይሞክራሉ፡፡ የገዥው ፓርቲ እንቅስቃሴ ሻል ያለ ነው፡፡ በራሱ በፓርቲውም፣ የመንግሥትን ሥልጣን በመጠቀምም የተለያዩ እንቅስቃሴዎችን ያደርጋል፡፡  

ከበልግ ዝናብ መዘገየት ጋር ተያይዞ በሲዳማ የምግብ እጥረት ልከሰት ይችላል ተባለ፤

ካለፈው የጥር ወር ጀምሮ ከበንሳ  እና ቡርሳ ወረዳዎች በስተቀር ኣብዛኛዎቹ የሲዳማ ወረዳዎች በድርቅ ተመተዋል፤

Food Security Outlook Update

March to May rains may not fully restore rangelands in pastoral areas

  • In most parts of Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples’ Region (SNNPR), three-to-five days of Sapie rains fell in January. However, this year, the rest of January has been remained dry except in Bensa and Bursa Woredas of Sidama Zone and Konta Special Woreda where there were light showers fell during the third week of January. Belg rains typically start in early February in parts of SNNPR, but they have not yet started. Sweet potatoes, other root crops, and to some extent maize were planted in November, and they have reached the vegetative stage. However, many of the crops are wilting.
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