Nomonanoto Show

Tuesday, May 3, 2016

Female named Meskerem Qedel sent in for adoption in September, 2001 E.C, 2009 Western Calendar. She came from the Sidama Region, Alta-Chiko Woreda, Gunde Kebele. Ethiopian family member is Degife. Ethiopian family received photos and a letter through the agency in 2011. A neighbor’s phone number is available. 
For more Information
ADDIS ABABA
Ethiopians celebrate Easter despite drought
( Minasse Wondimu Hailu - Anadolu Agency )
Thousands of Ethiopian Christians are defying tough conditions caused by a dangerous drought to celebrate Easter.
The predominantly Orthodox community celebrates Easter Sunday on May 1 this year – later than the Western Christian calendar – after a 55-day fast from meat, milk, butter and eggs.
Lent in Ethiopia lasts longer than the 40-day period for which Jesus Christ fasted in the wilderness at the start of his ministry, according to Christian theology.
Ethiopians see an extended 15 days during which the clergy and faithful pay homage to kings, heroes and saints, including the nine saints of ancient times who had come from Asia Minor and responsible for expanding the Orthodox across the country.
The country is said to have embraced Christianity in the 4th century CE.
However, this year latest data from the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), suggests more than 10 million Ethiopians are in need of emergency relief.

Sunday, April 24, 2016

Positive Deviance and Child Marriage by Abduction in the Sidama Zone of Ethiopia
Photograph by Stephanie Sinclair
This dissertation uses Positive Deviance (PD) to understand child marriage by abduction in a community in the Sidama Zone of Ethiopia. Marriage by abduction occurs among the poorest 10% of the Sidama population and entails the kidnapping of girls between the ages of 10 and 14 for forced genital circumcision, rape and marriage. PD is a problem solving approach that mobilizes a community to uncover existing yet unrecognized solutions to solve the specific problem. This study, which entailed an examination of the evolution of marriage norms among the Sidama as well as an analysis of the underpinnings of marriage by abduction, discovered that some community members practice behaviors and strategies that can prevent child marriage by abduction. The results support PD application to this specific form of child marriage as well as the practice as a whole, offering an alternative to traditional behavior change methodology. The electronic version of this Dissertation is at OhioLink ETD Center, www.ohiolink.edu/etd




Wednesday, April 20, 2016


አቶ ፍትሕ ወልደሰንበት፣ የሐዋሳ ሆቴሎች ማኅበር ፕሬዚዳንት
 
አቶ ፍትሕ ወልደሰንበት የሐዋሳ ሆቴሎች ማኅበር ፕሬዚዳንት ናቸው፡፡ የሐዋሳ ሴንትራል ሆቴሎች ሥራ አስኪያጅ ሲሆኑ በማኅበሩ ወቅታዊ እንቅስቃሴ እንዲሁም ቀጣይ ዕርምጃ ታምራት ጌታቸው አነጋግሯቸዋል፡፡
ሪፖርተር፡- ማኅበሩ እንዴት ተቋቋመ ምን ያህል አባላትስ አሉት?
አቶ ፍትሕ፡- የሐዋሳ ሆቴሎች ማኅበር ከተቋቋመ ገና አንድ ዓመቱ ነው፡፡ መጀመሪያ ፎርም በትነን ሞልተው የላኩና የተመዘገቡ 100 የሚሆኑ ናቸው፡፡ ማኅበሩ አዲስ እንደመሆኑ መጠን ከዚህም በላይ ብዙ አባላት እንደሚኖሩን እንጠብቃለን፡፡
ሪፖርተር፡- አንድ ሆቴል ሲቋቋም ብዙ የሥራ ዕድል ይፈጥራል ተብሎ ይታሰባል፡፡ የማኅበሩ አባላት የሆኑ ሆቴሎች በምን ያህል ደረጃ የሥራ ዕድል ፈጥረዋል?
አቶ ፍትሕ፡- ያሰራጨነው ፎርም ብዙ ነገሮችን የያዘ ነው፡፡ ምን ያህል ሠራተኞች አሉ? በምን ያህል ካፒታል ነው የተቋቋመው? ሆቴሉ ምን ያህል የመኝታ ክፍሎች አሉት? የሚሉና ሌሎችም በመጠይቁ ውስጥ የተካተቱ ሲሆን እነዚህን የተሰበሰቡ መረጃዎች ወደ ዳታ ቤዝ ገና እየቀየርናቸው ነው፡፡ ስለዚህ በአሁኑ ወቅት ምን ያህል ሠራተኛ እንደሚያስተዳድሩ መናገር አይቻልም፡፡ ነገር ግን መረጃውን የማጠናቀር ሥራ ሲጠናቀቅ ይታወቃል፡፡
ሪፖርተር፡- የማኅበሩ ተቀዳሚ ዓላማ ምንድነው?
አቶ ፍትሕ፡- አንድ ማኅበር ሁሌም የሚመሠረተው ከችግር በመነሳት ነው፡፡ ችግሩ ካለፈ በኋላ ብዙ የመቀጠል ነገር አይታይም፡፡ እኛ ግን ከዚህ ለየት ያለ ነገር እናስባለን፡፡ ማኅበሩን የመሠረትንበትና ትልቅ ዓላማ ብለን የያዝነው ሐዋሳ ከኢትዮጵያ ተመራጭ የመዝናኛ ቦታ እየሆነች በመሆኑ ከዚህ ገበያ በሰፊው መጠቀም አለብን ብለን ነው፡፡ ወደዚህ ከዓመት ዓመት ሳይቋረጥ ቱሪስቱ እንዲፈስ ከተማችንን የተሻለች ተመራጭ ማድረግ አለብን በሚል ሲሆን ይህ ሥራ ደግሞ በመጀመሪያ ደረጃ የሚጠቅመው ከተማ ውስጥ ያሉትን ሆቴሎች ነው፡፡ ስለዚህ ዋና ትኩረት አድርጐ የተነሳው ከተማዋን የቱሪስት መዳረሻ እንዴት እናድርጋት ከተማችንን እንዴት ተመራጭ ከተማ እናድርጋት የሚለውን ነው፡፡
ሪፖርተር፡- እርሶም እንደገለጿት ሐዋሳ የአገር ውስጥም የውጭ ሰዎች ለመዝናኛነት የሚመርጧት ከተማ ነች፡፡ እንዲሁም ብዙ ስብሰባዎች የሚካሄዱባት ከተማም ነች፡፡ እነዚህ እንግዶች የሚያርፉባቸው ሆቴሎች ደግሞ ደረጃቸውን የጠበቁ መሆን አለባቸው፡፡ የእናንተ ማኅበር ደረጃውን የጠበቀ አገልግሎት እንዲሰጥ ምን እያደረገ ነው?
አቶ ፍትሕ፡- ሐዋሳን ስታስብ ትልቁ መስቧ ሐይቋ ነው፡፡ ከዚያም ሆቴሎቿ ናቸው፡፡ ብዙ ጊዜ አብዛኛው ሰው ጊዜውን የሚያሳልፈው ወይም የሚዝናናው ሆቴሎች ውስጥ ነው፡፡ የሐዋሳ ሀብቷ ሆቴሎቿ ናቸው፡፡ ለግብር ምንጭም የሆቴል ኢንዱስትሪው ትልቁን ድርሻ ይወስዳል፡፡ ስለዚህ ሐዋሳ ከተማ የቱሪስት መዳረሻነቷ እንዲቀጥልና እንደሌሎች የዓለማችን ምርጥ የመዝናኛ ከተሞች እንድትሆን የሆቴሎች አገልግሎት ደረጃ መጠበቅ የግድ ነው፡፡ ማኅበሩ የተመሠረተበትም ዓላማ ይህንኑ ሥራ ከሥር ከሥር እየተከታተሉ ማሳደግ በመሆኑ በመጀመሪያ ማኅበሩ ያደረገው የሆቴሉን ባለቤትና ሥራ አስኪያጁን ማሠልጠን ነው፡፡ የሆቴል ማኔጅመንት ማለት ምን እንደሆነ ከፍተኛ ግንዛቤ መስጠት ያስፈልጋል፡፡ እኛ አገር የተለመደው ባለሀብት ሆቴል ይከፍታል ከዛ ባለሙያዎችን ይቀጥራል፡፡ እነሱ ናቸው ሥራውን የሚሠሩት፡፡ ከዚህ በዘለለ ግን የሆቴሉ ባለቤት ሆቴል ከመክፈቱ በፊት ወይ ከከፈተ በኋላ ስለሆቴል አስተዳደር እውቀት ቢኖረው የበለጠ ከባለሙያዎቹ ጋር ተግባብቶ ይሠራል ብለን እናምናለን፡፡ ኢንዱስትሪው በጣም ከፍተኛ ክትትል የሚጠይቅም ነው፡፡ ዝም ብለህ የምትተወው አይደለም፡፡ 24 ሰዓት ያለማቋረጥ በንቃት መሥራትን ይጠይቃል፡፡ ይህን ደግሞ ከማኅበሩ አባላት ጋር የጠበቀ ግንኙነት በመፍጠር ድጋፍ ለመስጠት እየሠራን ይገኛል፡፡ በዚህም በጐ ጅምሮች አሉ እነዚህ ተጠናክረው ይቀጥላሉ፡፡ መንግሥት የሰጠውን የሆቴሎች ደረጃ እንዲጠበቅ ማኅበራችንም ይሠራል፡፡
ሪፖርተር፡- መንግሥት ለሆቴሎች እየሰጠ ስላለው ደረጃ ምን አስተያየት አለዎት?
አቶ ፍትሕ፡- ደረጃ መስጠቱ ዘግይቷል፡፡ ይህም አሁን አሁን እየታየ ያለውን የደረጃ አሰጣጥ ትንሽ ክፍተት እንዲኖረው አድርጓል፡፡ ለምሳሌ አብዛኞቹ ሆቴሎች የተገነቡት በፊት በነበረው የአገሪቱ ነባራዊ እውነታ ነው፡፡ የግንባታ ደረጃው ሌላው ሌላውም ጊዜውን የሚያንፀባርቅ ነው፡፡ የባለሀብቱ ካፒታልም አንድ ወሳኝ ነገር ነው፡፡ በዛው ልክ ደግሞ የሰርቪስ አሰጣጡም እንደዛው የተወሰነ ነበር፡፡ ስለዚህ ደረጃ መስጠቱ ቀድሞ ቢሆን ኖሮ ነገሮችን ከግንባታ ጀምሮ ማስተካከል ይቻል ነበር፡፡
ሪፖርተር፡- እዚህ ከተማ ምን ያህል አራት፣ ሦስት፣ ሁለት ኮከብ ያገኙ ሆቴሎች አሉ?
አቶ ፍትሕ፡- እንግዲህ ይህ ደረጃ የተሰጠው ጠቅላላ በክልል ደረጃ ነው በክልል ደረጃ ደግሞ ሲሰጥ 18 ሆቴሎች ብቻ ናቸው ደረጃ ውስጥ የገቡት ከእነዚህ ውስጥ 11 ናቸው ሁሉንም አሟልተው የተገኙትና ኮከብ የተሰጣቸው፡፡ በኮከብ ደረጃ አራት ባለአራት ኮከብ፣ ሦስት ባለሦስት ኮከብ የተሰጣቸው ሲኖሩ ከዛ ውጪ ሁለትና አንድ እያለ ይቀጥላል፡፡
ሪፖርተር፡- ይህ የኮከብ ደረጃ አሰጣጥ ተግባራዊ ከሆነ ጀምሮ ብዙ የይገባኛል ጥያቄ እየተነሳበት ይገኛል፡፡ የሪፖርተር ዘጋቢም በሐዋሳ አካባቢ ተዘዋውረን እንደተመለከተው ይህንን ጥያቄ የሚያነሱ በርካታ ናቸው፡፡ ማኅበሩ በጉዳዩ ላይ ምን ይላል?
አቶ ፍትሕ፡- የእኛንም ሆቴል ጨምሮ ቅሬታ አድሮብናል፡፡ ይህን እንግዲህ፣ በድጋሚ ማጥራትና ማየት አስፈላጊ ነው ብለን እናምናለን፡፡ ምክንያቱም ከላይ እንዳልኩት ኮከቡ በትክክል ለሚገባው አካል ካልተሰጠ በከተማዋ ብሎም በክልሉ ዕድገት ትልቅ ተፅዕኖ ይፈጥራል፡፡ ትክክለኛ ሥራ ሠርተው ደረጃ የማይሰጣቸው ከሆነ ነገም ሆቴላቸውን ለማስፋትና ቱሪስቱን የመሳብ ሞራል ነው የሚያጡት፡፡ ክልሉም የኮከብ ሆቴል ባነሰ ቁጥር ተጠቃሚነቱ እየቀነሰ ይመጣልና የኮከቡ ደረጃ አሰጣጥ በጥንቃቄ መታየት አለበት ብለን እናምናለን፡፡ ትክክለኛው ደረጃ ካልተሰጠ ኅብረተሰቡ ኮከቡ ላይ ብዙም እምነት አይኖረውም፡፡ መንግሥት ይህን ደረጃ ሲሰጥ እኛ ደግሞ ሆቴሎቻችንን ማብቃት አለብን፡፡ ሆቴሎቻችን ሲበቁ ቱሪስት ይመጣል፡፡ ቱሪስት ሲመጣ ደግሞ አገሪቷ ትጠቀማለች ማለት ነው፡፡
ሪፖርተር፡- ማኅበሩን እስካሁን ያጋጠመ ችግር ምንድነው?
አቶ ፍትሕ፡- እንደ ማኅበር ስንመሠረት ምንም ችግር አልገጠመንም፡፡ ከከንቲባው ጀምሮ ሙሉ ጊዜያቸውን ሰጥተው ነው የደገፉን፡፡ ከዚህም ባለፈ በጀት በመመደብ ጭምር እየተባበሩን ነው የሚገኙት የተለያዩ ልምድ ልውውጦችን እያዘጋጁ እንድንጠነክር እገዛ እያደረጉልንም ነው፡፡ ትንሽ ችግር ብለን የምንጠቅሰው የአባላት ማነስን ነው፡፡ በእርግጥ ይህ ብዙ ጥረት የሚጠይቅ ነው፡፡ በክልሉ ውስጥ ያሉ የሆቴል ባለቤቶች አባል እንደሆኑና በሙሉ አባልነት ተመዝግበው ማኅበራችን ተጠናክሮ አንድ ሆነን ብንሠራ ጥሩ ይሆናል ብለን እናምናለን፡፡
ሪፖርተር፡- እንግዲህ ይህ ማኅበር ከገጽታ፣ ከአገር ኢኮኖሚ ግንባታም አንፃር ብዙ ይጠበቅበታል፡፡ ይህን ኃላፊነት እንዴት በብቃት ለመወጣት አቅዷል?
አቶ ፍትሕ፡- እንገደለጽኩት ማኅበራችን ሲቋቋም እንደ ሌሎቹ ችግር ላይ አትኩሮ አይደለም፡፡ ከችግር መፍትሔን አስቀድመን መፍትሔ ማምጣት አለብን፡፡ ከችግሩ በፊት መፍትሔው ከቀደመ ሁሉም ሥራ በአግባቡ ይሠራል ማለት ነው፡፡ የእኛ ሥራ የሆቴል ኢንዱስትሪን አሳድገን የአገር ተጠቃሚነትን ማምጣት ነው፡፡ አንድ ቱሪስት ወደ አገር ውስጥ ሲገባ የመጀመሪያ የሚያገኘው የሆቴል አስተናጋጁን ነው፡፡ እንግዲህ ይህ እንግዳ መጀመሪያ ስለአገሪቷ ያለው እይታ እዚህ ላይ ነው የሚጀምረው ቆይታውም የሚለካው መጀመሪያ ከሚሰጠው አገልግሎት ነው፡፡ እንደ ማኅበር ይህን ጉዳይ ብቻችንን የምንወጣው አይደለም፡፡ ባለድርሻ አካላቱ ሰፊ ስለሆኑ ከሚመለከታቸው ሁሉ ጋር በመሥራት ኢንዱስትሪው ዘመናዊና ታማኝ፣ ጠንካራ እንዲሆን እንሠራለን፡፡ ሌላው አሁን ይህ እየተሰጠ ያለውን የኮከብ ደረጃ ሌላው ዓለም ላይ የሆቴል ማኅበሮች ናቸው የሚሰጡት፡፡ ይህንንም እዚሁ እኛው የምንሰጥበትን ሁኔታ ለመፍጠር ፍላጐቱ አለን ይህንንም የረጅም ጊዜ ዕቅድ በማድረግ እየሠራን እንገኛለን፡፡  

YOTEK completes runway project short of schedule

Source: Addisfortune

It is rare to see private individuals intrude on an official function where dignitaries deliver a series of speeches, uninterrupted, at grand inauguration of public projects. But that was what Jemal Adem, 42, did on the morning of April 16, 2016, in the presence of officials from the Hawassa City Administration and federal officials of the civil aviation sector. A farmer in nearby village of Wondo Genet, 25Km north of Hawassa, Jemal interjected from the background of a tent with a thunderous voice unmistakably drawing attention to his message.
He had waved a number of air tickets up in the air, and expressed his delight at being able to get, what to him, is a lifetime opportunity of boarding an airplane.
“Praise be to the Lord,” he declared, loudly. “Our country has developed, and I have lived long enough to see an aircraft land in our town.”
The 15 tickets he had displayed are some of the over 60 sold last week by Ethiopian Airlines to mark the start of the first commercial flight in what is perhaps shortest route anywhere. The median flight piloted by Zerihun Kebede made it to Hawassa on Saturday, carrying over 40 passengers in about half an hour. The flight was too short for the cabin crew to complete serving refreshment before the plane touched down on the newly completed runway of 3.1Km that morning.
Ethiopian was greeted by thousands of curious, if not excited, residents of this southern city and farmers from Meqbassa Qorkie village of Dori Wereda, where the future airport is to be built. They chanted with exhilaration, and their amusement at seeing an aircraft within a couple of metres was evident in their looks. Jemal, pushing his seventh child, four-year old Kemal, through the crowd, felt privileged to have got aboard flight ET-154 on its return to Addis Abeba the same afternoon. He was not alone.
He spent a little over 10,000 Br to let his entire family, his parents, his brother and a friend join him in the flight, thus sharing the excitement of flying. None of Jemal’s family members has been to Addis Abeba before.
“I don’t let this opportunity pass any of us,” he said. “It is what we all will tell and retell to our children and friends the rest of our lives.”
But they are bound to see more arrivals and departures of aeroplanes in the years to come. Last week, Ethiopian Airlines announced the start of weekly flights to the southern capital of Hawassa, following the completion of the runway costing the Ethiopian Airports Enterprise no less than half a billion Birr. It was one of the three runways the Enterprise contracted out for construction in December 2014, at a total cost of 1.37 billion Br.
YOTEK Construction Plc signed the deal to complete the runway of Hawassa Airport within two years, while Akir Construction was awarded the contract for Robe Goba and the state-owned Ethiopian Roads Construction Corporation took the job for Shire, farther up north, in Tigray.
“We’ve not only completed the project in time, but also within budget,” Yohannes Teklay, CEO of YOTEK, told Fortune.
Although the original project cost was agreed at 457 million Br, a later addition of five kilometres to the runway in order to land Boeing made jets increased the cost further to 503 million Br, according to those close to the project. Now up to three Boeing jets, including the Boeing 777, can taxi on the apron.
A three-hour drive from Addis Abeba, the city of Hawassa is known for premier resorts on the highway and is itself a tourist hotspot. With a population of less than 300,000, the city prides itself for successively winning recognition from federal authorities as the fastest developing city in the country. It is a gateway to wilderness and the indigenous peoples and cultures of the south of the nation.
The latest development in Hawassa, however, with the industrial park development underway and expected to open for business this year, has caused completion of the project to be expedited way before its original schedule, according to Yohannes. Originally planned to be completed in February of this year, the industrial park in Hawassa is thought to be a game changer once it is up and running. Under construction by the China Civil Engineering Corporation (CCECC), for 246 million dollars, the park lies on a 100ha of land near the entrance of the city, and comprises 35 factory sheds and 19 buildings.
Global companies in garment and apparel industry, such as the US Van Heusen (PVH) – owner of popular brands such as Tony Hilfiger, Calvin Klein and Vanity Fair – Indian apparel maker, Raymond Group and Arvind Ltd. as well as other big companies from Sri Lanka, Indonesia, Hong Kong and China, have reportedly shown strong interest to open their shops in the park.
“All these have their senior executives who would rather fly for a quick visit instead of spending hours being driven to and from Hawassa,” said a businessman aboard ET-154 on Saturday.
What would be an international airport in Hawassa is the 29th airport for the Enterprise, while the runway there is the second for YOTEK to build after another 2.1Km runway in Kombolcha, near the town of Dessie. It is one of the over 15 projects the company is undertaking currently, including the construction of intercity asphalt roads inside Hawassa, stretching over 30Km.
YOTEK is yet to lay close to five kilometres of asphalt road connecting the airport with the city. However, the city lies 20Km away from the airport, where the municipality has to pay for the construction of the remaining segment of the road.
On Saturday, passengers had to drive on a dusty 13Km road to the city, juggling through farm lands alongside Lake Hawassa. In the absence of a passenger terminal, air traffic control tower, and runway lighting system, the airport has a long way before it gets a resemblance of a fully functioning airport. What has so far been a project office for YOTEK will soon turn to serve as a temporary passenger terminal, where local civil aviation officials and Ethiopian Airlines staff will begin to process the passengers’ manifesto and check-ins. The absence of any other physical mark makes the runway the most visible object, alien to its surroundings west of Lake Hawassa.
Nonetheless, the jubilation Jemal and other residents displayed shows they are ready to embrace life with the constant noise and sight of ET-154 landing and taking off from the runway opened for traffic last week.